© Copyright 2018 Orlando Alves da Silva

Gastrointestinal signs include

Paradoxical reflux, more frequently in the orthostatic position.  This is distinct from the classic gastroesophageal reflux due to insufficiency of the cardia, which typically takes place when lying down;

feeling nauseous;

 

alternation between constipation and diarrhoea.

© Copyright 2018 Orlando Alves da Silva